As a solution to supposed anxieties of freedom which led to Fascism, Fromm spoke of the need for “relatedness,” “spontaneity,” and “self-realization” in a productive society of abundance. Implicit here is the suggestion that Fascism sprang neither from the rigors of class war nor the dread of spiritual alienation but merely from the familiar malady of poor social institutions and personal relationships. Like so many other scholars of the time, Fromm was obviously more interested in expounding a cure for Fascism than in examining with precision all its complex causes. But his message of humane social engineering was one which American liberals could readily understand. Whatever maybe the ultimate validity of his highly impressionistic Escape from Freedom, Fromm managed the remarkable, if unconvincing , feat of translating Dostoevski’s anxieties into Dewey’s aspirations.