Moral norms as a dance of norms? Perhaps in times of need equality of lives.

Intrinsic value can not be confused with having value, as there are instances when equality can be a possession of value rather than a manifestation of value.

Imperial Hubris. Why it is impossible to defend freedom without letting go of hubris. Why the West Is Losing the War on Terror. Michael Scheuer, Author .

The value of hubris 

hubris12

“I am not smart or arrogant enough to formula an all-inclusive approach to US foreign policy. I do, however, have long experience analyzing and attacking bin Laden and Islamists. I believe they are a growing threat to the United States–there is no greater threat–and that we are being defeated not because the threat is unavailable but because we refuse to accept it at face value and without Americanizing data that comes easily and voluminously to hand. This must change or our way of life will be unrecognizably changed.” Author, Michael Scheurer.

hubris

 

The influence of Thoreau’s “Civil Disobedience” (1845-1847.) on Gandhi’s Satyagraha (1931) by George Hendrick.

civildisobedience12Thoreau’s The Duty of Civil Disobedience espouses the need to prioritize one’s conscience over the dictates of laws.  The influence of Henry Thoreau upon Gandhi.  Thoreau begins his essay by arguing that government rarely proves itself useful and that it derives its power from the majority because they are the strongest group, not because they hold the most legitimate viewpoint. He contends that people’s first obligation is to do what they believe is right and not to follow the law dictated by the majority. When a government is unjust, people should refuse to follow the law and distance themselves from the government in general. A person is not obligated to devote his life to eliminating evils from the world, but he is obligated not to participate in such evils. This includes not being a member of an unjust institution (like the government). Thoreau further argues that the United States fits his criteria for an unjust government, given its support of slavery and its practice of aggressive war.  Thoreau doubts the effectiveness of reform within the government, and he argues that voting and petitioning for change achieves little. He presents his own experiences as a model for how to relate to an unjust government: In protest of slavery, Thoreau refused to pay taxes and spent a night in jail. But, more generally, he ideologically dissociated himself from the government, “washing his hands” of it and refusing to participate in his institutions. According to Thoreau, this form of protest was preferable to advocating for reform from within government; he asserts that one cannot see government for what it is when one is working within it. Before Indian Opinion could be studied, information about Gandhi’s indebtedness to Thoreau is in the 1942 appeal “To American Friends,” he wrote, “You have given me a teacher in Thoreau who furnished me through his essay on the “Duty of Civil Disobedience’ scientific confirmation of what I was doing in South Africa. Gandhi had written to Franklin Delano Roosevelt in 1942, ” I have profited greatly by the writings of Thoreau and Emerson.”

The fight of good over evil. When moral choice is no longer a viable option.

Moral reasoning can be defined as being the process in which an individual tries to determine the difference between what is right and what is wrong in a personal situation by using logic. This is an important and often daily process that people use in an attempt to do the right thing. Every day for instance, people are faced with the dilemma of whether or not to lie in a given situation. People make this decision by reasoning the morality of the action and weighing that against its consequences.  Although all moral choice can be seen as personal choice,  people who need to have an upperhand over evil are truly evil. Source: TheFreeDictionary.

eviltriumphs

 

Freedom and Value-Voting explained in an op-ed from the MiamiHerald, USA. 2014.

The power and value of voting. BY JACK LEVINE.

In a few days, the 2014 general election will be history.  We will either cheer successful campaigns we supported or feel sorrow for losses, but for sure, we will be relieved to not be forced to witness the seemingly endless deluge of commercials.  While I’m strictly nonpartisan in my advocacy for family policies that improve the odds for health, protection and lifelong success, I’m an ardent promoter of participation in all aspects of the political process. I believe that voting is not just a right, it’s a sacred responsibility. There are few more influential civic activities than voting. It takes a few minutes but has impact for years to come. When I think of the many who struggled, suffered, fought and died for our right to vote, I’m motivated all the more to have my voice be heard. But when all the words are said, charges leveled and millions of dollars spent, it’s we, the voters, who hold the power to decide who will lead our nation, our states and communities into the future.

Here are 10 reasons to vote:

▪ To honor those in our military who courageously fight for us and our law-enforcement officers, firefighters and emergency workers who respond to our needs and defend the peace at home.

▪ To honor people who struggled for civil rights, women’s suffrage and the ideals of justice for all whose diverse voices are essential for our nation’s moral health and community vitality. Freedom needs affirmation.

▪ To be a good example to our children and grandchildren by exercising the right to vote as a symbol of our faith in democracy. By voting we send a signal of the importance of the choices we, as adults, make to secure a better future.

▪ Voting is our society’s great equalizer. No matter our station in life, income, ethnic heritage or social status, every citizen over age 18 has the same power of one vote.

▪ Pollsters do not determine who wins elections; voters do. Predicting the outcome of elections, especially close ones, is at best an inexact science. Pollsters and political pundits have their roles, but like each of us, they only have one vote.

▪ Voting for candidates in whom we believe, and for or against ballot initiatives we know will affect our future, is a perfect counterbalance to the flood of negativity polluting the airwaves and filling our mailboxes.

▪ While voting may now be a bit more complicated than in previous years, access to registration information and early voting are still available for people who want their voices heard. Democracy is a team sport. Spectators don’t count.

▪ While how we vote is confidential, the fact that we have voted, or failed to vote, is public record. Elected officials know which individuals and demographic groups are voting, and we who do vote are more likely to be influential in policy debates. Non-voters are voiceless and by not participating can become victims of their own neglect.

▪ Regret is preventable. Nov. 5 is one day too late. Have a “no excuses” attitude by committing to vote, ask others to join us in voting and promote a positive approach to making a difference among family, friends and colleagues.

▪ Be part of making history. Because every indicator points to the prospect that this election will have impact for years, every vote is even more important. As a Floridian, I know how close elections can be. Being a participant in affecting history gives each of us a sense of pride in participation and the power to touch the future.

Jack Levine is founder of the 4Generations Institute in Tallahassee.
Read more here: http://www.miamiherald.com/opinion/op-ed/article3331373.html#storylink=cpy

The spirit of Swadeshi. স্বদেশী. MK Gandhi and libertarian violence.

Definition of Swadeshi

After much thinking I have arrived at a definition of Swadeshi that, perhaps, best illustrates my meaning. Swadeshi is that spirit in us which restricts us to the use and service of our immediate surroundings to the exclusion of the more remote. Thus, as for religion, in order to satisfy the requirements of the definition, I must restrict myself to my ancestral religion. That is the use of my immediate religious surrounding. If I find it defective, I should serve it by purging it of its defects. In the domain of politics, I should make use of the indigenous institutions and serve them by curing them of their proved defects. In that of economics, I should use only things that are produced by my immediate neighbours and serve those industries by making them efficient and complete where they might be found wanting. It is suggested that such Swadeshi, if reduced to practice, will lead to the millennium, because we do not expect quite to reach it within our times, so may we not abandon Swadeshi even though it may not be fully attained for generations to come.

leadership

My morals got me on my knees. Duffy, the vampire slayer, yeah.

Yeah, Yeah, Yeah x4

I love you
But I gotta stay true
My morals got me on my knees
I’m begging, please stop playing games

I don’t know what this is
‘Cause you got me good
Just like you knew you would

I don’t know what you do
But you do it well
I’m under your spell

You got me begging you for mercy
Why won’t you release me
You got me begging you for mercy
Why won’t you release me
I said, release me

Now you think that I
Will be something on the side
But you got to understand
That I need a man
Who can take my hand, yes I do

I don’t know what this is
But you got me good
Just like you knew you would

I don’t know what you do
But you do it well
I’m under your spell

You got me begging you for mercy
Why won’t you release me
You’ve got me begging you for mercy
Why won’t you release me
I said, you’d better release me, yeah, yeah, yeah

I’m begging you for mercy
Yes, why won’t you release me
I’m begging you for mercy

You got me begging
You got me begging
You got me begging

Mercy

Why won’t you release me
I’m begging you for mercy
Why won’t you release me

You got me begging you for mercy, yeah
I’m begging you for mercy
I’m begging you for mercy
I’m begging you for mercy
I’m begging you for mercy

Why won’t you release me
Yeah, yeah

Break it down

Begging you for mercy
You got me begging
Down on my knees
I said, you got me begging
Begging you for mercy
You got me begging