A City Rich In History, Traditions and Cultures. Jerusalem.

“Ten portions of beauty, God gave to the world;
nine to Jerusalem and one to the remainder.
Ten portions of sorrow, God gave to the world; 
nine to Jerusalem and one for the rest of mankind.”
Jerusalem is a religious center sacred to all three monotheistic religions: Judaism, Christianity, and Islam. Religious pilgrims from all nations continue to congregate in the Holy City and millions of people flow through the gates of Jerusalem each year.References to the city of Jerusalem appear throughout the entire Scriptures.The Scriptural history of Jerusalem (known then as “Salem”), begins when Abraham meets “Melchizedek”(King of Justice) about 2000 BC. Through the ages it has been called by many names: Urusalim, Salem, Mount Moriah, Adonai Urah, Jebus, Jerusalem, Zion, the City of David, Ariel (Lion of God)
God has declared that this is the place He will establish His Name and will dwell there forever.
David conquered Jerusalem by defeating the Jebusites in 1052 BCE (Chronicles 1 11:4-9), nearly 3000 years ago.In history, No other city has been beloved and fought over as Jerusalem. After David’s death, Solomon (in 1015 BC/BCE) began to “build a house for the Name of the Lord” (Chronicles 2 2:1). It took seven years and 183,300 men to build it (Kings 1- 5:13-16; 6:38). It measured nearly 90 feet in length, 30 feet in width and 45 feet in height (1 Kings 6:2). The Holy Of Holies occupied one-third of the interior space, and the Holy Place, two-thirds. The complete details are described in Kings 1 – 6 & 7. When it was completed, the Glory of God filled the Temple (View the model of Ancient Jerusalem) (Chronicles 2 7:1).Israel was divided after Solomon’s death (979 BCE). The kingdom of Israel was in the north, while Judah was in the south.Jerusalem was the capital of Judah (the Southern Kingdom). It was ruled by a succession of twenty kings from 979 BCE to 586 BCE. Their reigns lasted from as short as three months (Jehoahaz and Jehoiachim) to as long as fifty-five years (Manasseh). The disheartening history of the declines of Judah is told in Kings 1 12:1-2, Kings 25:30, and 2 Chronicles 10:1-36:21.

Jerusalem was entirely destroyed by Nebuchadnezzar in 586 BC/BCE. The city and the Holy Temple were completely demolished and the articles of the Temple and its treasures were carried off to Babylon.
The inhabitants that were not killed were also taken to Babylon. Jerusalem was to lie desolate for seventy years in order that the land might enjoy its Sabbaths 
(Chronicles 2 36:17-21/Leviticus 26:34).

Seventy-one years later (445 BCE) In 539 BCE, Cyrus, king of Persia issued a proclamation to rebuild the Holy Temple in Jerusalem, a total of 42,360 people returned to Jerusalem and Judah to help rebuild the Temple, (not including male and female servants and the musicians), All gave according to their ability, in order to finance the work.

In the first year, Jeshua and Zerubbabel led a group to build the altar in order to offer sacrifices in accordance with Torah.
It was finally completed in 516 BCE and took twenty-three years.
In 167 BCE the Greeks converted the Temple in Jerusalem into a show place to Greek idols

In 40 BCE the Romans being the super power of that time dispatched an army of 30,000 infantry and 6,000 cavalry to take Jerusalem. Jerusalem and its Temple were incinerated.

When Christianity became the official religion of the Roman Empire under Constantine, the basilica of the Holy Sepulcher was built in Jerusalem, the most important and prominent building in the city at the time.

During the Byzantine era (330-640 CE) many impressive Christian architectural monuments were built in the city. Jerusalem was a major Christian center, attracting pilgrims from all over the Roman Empire. Monks and clergy from the various sects started to settle in the city, and pilgrims from different countries filled Jerusalem’s streets: Ethiopians and Armenians, Copts and Nestorians, Syrian Jacobites and Gregorians and, above all, Greek-Orthodox, who became the dominant Christian group in the city.

At the end of the 11th century, Seljuk tribes invaded the country. The city passed from one ruler to another until the arrival of the Crusaders who ruled about two hundred years (1095-1187) CE and again after a brief period, from (1189-1348).

Christian Crusaders order in Jerusalem was extremely brutal, especially at the beginning of the period, and the domination of the city was accompanied by a massacre of most of the Jews and Moslems residing there.

Jerusalem has been fought over by armies of the Assyrians, Babylonians, Egyptians, Greeks, Ptolemies, Seleucids, Romans, Byzantines,Persians, Arabs, Seljuks, Crusaders, Mongols, Mamelukes, Turks, British, Jordanians, Egyptians, Syrians, Lebanese, and Iraqis. Today the nations of the entire world consider it their responsibility and obligation to intervene in her politics and destiny.

This is a city that has been besieged about forty different times and destroyed (at least partially) on thirty-two different occasions. The rulership of Jerusalem has changed hands some twenty-six times. From the time of the establishment of the State of Israel in May of 1948 until 1967, the city was divided. Walls, barbed-wire fences and a desolated strip of non-man’s land cut through the very heart of the city, especially excluding the Jews from the Old City and the Temple Mount. During that time the Jewish Quarter was leveled and its synagogues burned. Jewish graves and monuments were desecrated or turned into latrines, Since 1948 Jerusalem has experienced four wars. Jerusalem, “The City of Peace” has known wars and destruction since it existence was first known to us from the Biblical record.

Today, Jerusalem is more of a city of religion, art, culture, and museums than an economically viable regional marketplace or a center of business activity. Yet Jerusalem thrives in our time as a city full of mystical attractiveness and endless fascination.

Jerusalem has played, and will continue to play, an important part in God’ deliverance of the earth, His Holy City, and our involvement in it.  By Lena Mor – http://www.HolyLandNetwork.com

L’Dor Va’Dor: We Adore, We Adore You O God. Music of Sinai.

L’dor vador nagid god’lecha, ul’neitzach n’tzachim k’dushat’cha nakdish,
v’shivchacha, eloheinu, mipinu lo yamush l’olam va-ed,
ki eil melech gadol v’kadosh atah.

Translation: To all generations we will declare Your greatness, and for all eternity proclaim Your holiness. Your praise, O God, shall never depart from our lips.

These fantastic thoughts, these trials of strength, where will they lead? Ye inayatain gazab ki. Ustad Shujaat Hussain Khan. Niyamath Khan, composer 1670-1748 AD. Ghazal, the musical interpretation of poetry, patience in the practice of suffering. Ja Ja Re Apne Mandirva-Go now to your places of worship. Ashwini Bhide Deshpande. Indian classical vocalist.

Krakow Poland 1945. The Old Synagogue.

Krakow Poland 1945. The Old Synagogue.

Tarana Panorama

Tarana Panorama (Photo credit: Daniel Coomber.)

Balkh ki gira kare, aag lagi laga kare, jiska chaman me kuch na ho phikre chaman wo kya kare mainae suna hae aapko, mujhsae hai badh gumaniyan jhoot tho ye nahi magar saach bhi na ho khuda kare, Ye inayatain gazab ki ye bala ki meherbani, meri khairiyeth bhi puchi, kisi aur ki zubani, me thumhi ko sobhtan hoon koi thumme hi raag cherdo ki shakasta ho gaya hai, mera khwabe zindhagani, ye…thera husn so raha tha, meri cherd ne jagaya vo nigah hummaine dali ki savar gayi jawani, meri khariyathe bhi puchi kisi aur ki zubani, meri bae zuban aankho se gire jo chandh kathre, jo samajh sako tho aansu na samajh sako tho pani, ye inayatain gazab ki, ye bala ki meherbani, meri khairiyath bhi puchi kisi aur ki zubani. The seasons that wept the seasons that caught fire were ones where hearts had no souls thus of what use is another heart now? I have heard your tales of loss are not fake but neither are they made true by God. These fantastic thoughts, the trials….I understand that you have inquired about me from another’s speech. I seek footprints as writings erased life. Your face awakens me out of stupor and I am now bound to your opinion to make life’s journey complete. These awesome thoughts…From my speechless eyes these chunks of the moonlight have fallen, those who understand them to be tears will believe me and those who do not will understand water.

Yerushalayim. Jerusalem in dusk.

Jerusalemindusk12Ja ja re apni mandhirva suun pave mori saas nanadhiya sun huun sadharang thum ko chahath hai, kya thum humko thalan dhiya ja ja re apni mandhirva, tha di an re than deem thanana…dhird tha nom thana derena–Tarana. Go now to your place of prayer or worship the temple of your soul. Listen women of families who long for the eternal, why has He given the slip?  Tarana the musical interpretation of hindustani by Tansen of Persia.

  • The Gundecha Brothers perform at Queen Elizabeth Hall.Jinijinibinichadariya, kaheketanakahekebharli,khondataarsebinichadariya, pingalapingalatanabharli,shushmattaarsebinichadariya, aathkamaldalcharkha dole,panchtattvagunijinichadariya sainkoseeyatmasdaslaage,thokkethokkebinichadariya,jochadar surnarmuniodhe,odhkemailikinichadariya, daskabirjatanatheodhe,jyotiyondhardinichadariya, jinijinijinijinibinichadariya. The divine command reveals itself as a garment for all living and celestial beings. Who proclaims this GLORY? HIS company, divined among the days and nightsofmankind fills, the spirit with truth. Taking from thefivepieties the Lord weaves the virtues of the world, a garment.  HE removes disgrace. His faithful servant, Saint Kabir preserves a spotless fabric to delight Godwiththe illumination of faith. The divine command revealed its glory as agarmentto bewornamongst human-kind.
    Charkha dole, Saint Kabir.

    Charkha dole, Saint Kabir.

    Tattva, fabric of pieties.

    Tattva, fabric of pieties.