A City Rich In History, Traditions and Cultures. Jerusalem.

“Ten portions of beauty, God gave to the world;
nine to Jerusalem and one to the remainder.
Ten portions of sorrow, God gave to the world; 
nine to Jerusalem and one for the rest of mankind.”
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Jerusalem is a religious center sacred to all three monotheistic religions: Judaism, Christianity, and Islam. Religious pilgrims from all nations continue to congregate in the Holy City and millions of people flow through the gates of Jerusalem each year.References to the city of Jerusalem appear throughout the entire Scriptures.The Scriptural history of Jerusalem (known then as “Salem”), begins when Abraham meets “Melchizedek”(King of Justice) about 2000 BC. Through the ages it has been called by many names: Urusalim, Salem, Mount Moriah, Adonai Urah, Jebus, Jerusalem, Zion, the City of David, Ariel (Lion of God)
God has declared that this is the place He will establish His Name and will dwell there forever.
David conquered Jerusalem by defeating the Jebusites in 1052 BCE (Chronicles 1 11:4-9), nearly 3000 years ago.In history, No other city has been beloved and fought over as Jerusalem. After David’s death, Solomon (in 1015 BC/BCE) began to “build a house for the Name of the Lord” (Chronicles 2 2:1). It took seven years and 183,300 men to build it (Kings 1- 5:13-16; 6:38). It measured nearly 90 feet in length, 30 feet in width and 45 feet in height (1 Kings 6:2). The Holy Of Holies occupied one-third of the interior space, and the Holy Place, two-thirds. The complete details are described in Kings 1 – 6 & 7. When it was completed, the Glory of God filled the Temple (View the model of Ancient Jerusalem) (Chronicles 2 7:1).Israel was divided after Solomon’s death (979 BCE). The kingdom of Israel was in the north, while Judah was in the south.Jerusalem was the capital of Judah (the Southern Kingdom). It was ruled by a succession of twenty kings from 979 BCE to 586 BCE. Their reigns lasted from as short as three months (Jehoahaz and Jehoiachim) to as long as fifty-five years (Manasseh). The disheartening history of the declines of Judah is told in Kings 1 12:1-2, Kings 25:30, and 2 Chronicles 10:1-36:21.

Jerusalem was entirely destroyed by Nebuchadnezzar in 586 BC/BCE. The city and the Holy Temple were completely demolished and the articles of the Temple and its treasures were carried off to Babylon.
The inhabitants that were not killed were also taken to Babylon. Jerusalem was to lie desolate for seventy years in order that the land might enjoy its Sabbaths 
(Chronicles 2 36:17-21/Leviticus 26:34).

Seventy-one years later (445 BCE) In 539 BCE, Cyrus, king of Persia issued a proclamation to rebuild the Holy Temple in Jerusalem, a total of 42,360 people returned to Jerusalem and Judah to help rebuild the Temple, (not including male and female servants and the musicians), All gave according to their ability, in order to finance the work.

In the first year, Jeshua and Zerubbabel led a group to build the altar in order to offer sacrifices in accordance with Torah.
It was finally completed in 516 BCE and took twenty-three years.
In 167 BCE the Greeks converted the Temple in Jerusalem into a show place to Greek idols

In 40 BCE the Romans being the super power of that time dispatched an army of 30,000 infantry and 6,000 cavalry to take Jerusalem. Jerusalem and its Temple were incinerated.

When Christianity became the official religion of the Roman Empire under Constantine, the basilica of the Holy Sepulcher was built in Jerusalem, the most important and prominent building in the city at the time.

During the Byzantine era (330-640 CE) many impressive Christian architectural monuments were built in the city. Jerusalem was a major Christian center, attracting pilgrims from all over the Roman Empire. Monks and clergy from the various sects started to settle in the city, and pilgrims from different countries filled Jerusalem’s streets: Ethiopians and Armenians, Copts and Nestorians, Syrian Jacobites and Gregorians and, above all, Greek-Orthodox, who became the dominant Christian group in the city.

At the end of the 11th century, Seljuk tribes invaded the country. The city passed from one ruler to another until the arrival of the Crusaders who ruled about two hundred years (1095-1187) CE and again after a brief period, from (1189-1348).

Christian Crusaders order in Jerusalem was extremely brutal, especially at the beginning of the period, and the domination of the city was accompanied by a massacre of most of the Jews and Moslems residing there.

Jerusalem has been fought over by armies of the Assyrians, Babylonians, Egyptians, Greeks, Ptolemies, Seleucids, Romans, Byzantines,Persians, Arabs, Seljuks, Crusaders, Mongols, Mamelukes, Turks, British, Jordanians, Egyptians, Syrians, Lebanese, and Iraqis. Today the nations of the entire world consider it their responsibility and obligation to intervene in her politics and destiny.

This is a city that has been besieged about forty different times and destroyed (at least partially) on thirty-two different occasions. The rulership of Jerusalem has changed hands some twenty-six times. From the time of the establishment of the State of Israel in May of 1948 until 1967, the city was divided. Walls, barbed-wire fences and a desolated strip of non-man’s land cut through the very heart of the city, especially excluding the Jews from the Old City and the Temple Mount. During that time the Jewish Quarter was leveled and its synagogues burned. Jewish graves and monuments were desecrated or turned into latrines, Since 1948 Jerusalem has experienced four wars. Jerusalem, “The City of Peace” has known wars and destruction since it existence was first known to us from the Biblical record.

Today, Jerusalem is more of a city of religion, art, culture, and museums than an economically viable regional marketplace or a center of business activity. Yet Jerusalem thrives in our time as a city full of mystical attractiveness and endless fascination.

Jerusalem has played, and will continue to play, an important part in God’ deliverance of the earth, His Holy City, and our involvement in it.  By Lena Mor – http://www.HolyLandNetwork.com

Gandhi on rioting. Vaishnava Jana tho thene kahiye je. Vaishnav (devotees of Vishnu.)

Gandhi and his riot.

Gandhi and his riot.

Narsinh Mehta, writer of Gandhi's favorite hymn to all humankind.

Narsinh Mehta, writer of Gandhi’s favorite hymn to humankind.

Image of a vaishnavite. Devotee of Lord Vishnu.

Image of the Lord.

Vaishnav (devotees of Vishnu) people are those who,
Feel the pain of others, Help those who are in misery,
But never let ego or conceit enter their mind.

Vaishnavs, respect the entire world, Do not censure anyone, Keep their words, actions and thoughts pure, The mother of such a soul is blessed.

Vaishnav see all equally, renounce greed and avarice, View others as extensions of one family, Their tongue might get tired, but they will never speak falsehood, Their hands would never touch the wealth of another.

Vaishnavs do not succumb to worldly attachments, They are detached from worldly pleasures, They are enticed by the name of God (Shri Ram), All holy sites of pilgrimage are embodied within them.

Vaishnavs encompasses the absence of greed and deceit, They have renounced all types of lust and anger, The author of this poem (Narsi) would be grateful to meet such a soul whose virtue liberates lineage.

Yaar E Man B’iya, B’iya. Beloved Come To Me.

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Synagogue, France.

Synagogue, France.

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Sukkot German Style Not. A Rabbinic Study of Humanity. Peace and Good Will towards all.

The Cherished Land.

The Cherished Land.

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Pt. Bhimsen Joshi: Raag Miyan Ki Malhar: How to Welcome The Beloved of The Rain Who Is Also Sadarangile, the Eternal Witness.

Synagogue Persia, Iran.

Synagogue Persia, Iran.

 Mumade charangil gariye balama tumme binne mai ke tori badaria eitna suhave mumade charangil, mumade rangile balama, balama rangile, rangile, mumade charangil gariye balama tumme bine mai ke tori badaria eitna suhave mumade charangil, ghumande, ghumande ghanna ghave naina chari lagaye, (lagave)ghanna ghave ri tumme bine mai ghanna ghave ghumande, ghumande ghanna ghaave naina saril lagave tarkave sada rangile ko adaaji chamakate bichate darave mumade charangil..dari e balama, tumme binne mai kya kari badariya, eitna suhave..rangile balama tumme bina mai ka kari badariya eitna suhave, mumade charangil.This garden of delight, Beloved, is nothing without you. The clouds of rain welcomed. They thunder and our eyes are forced to meet because I wander as a cloud. Our meeting was delayed I suffered greatly for You. I pay obeisance because thy power is like lightning and thunder and I get afraid. Without you then how can I as a cloud welcome You?

Constable, rain clouds.

Constable, rain clouds.

Bole Re Papihera. Sing to me Bird of Paradise. Pandit D.V. Paluskar.

Sinagogue -Budapest Hungary.

Sinagogue -Budapest Hungary.

 Bole re papihera, bole re papihera, ab ghan garaje, ab ghan garaje bole re papihera ab ghan garaje… sun mun bunde dar aye badariya barsana lagi sada rangile, sada rangile, mai har var damini dhunde dhunde chunarva, bole re papihera, ab ghan garaje, ab ghan garaje, bole re papihera… ga pa dhani sa, ma pa ni, ma pa dhani, ni sa ni….Sing to me O bird of paradise now that the clouds have spoken their rain drops shower the earth filling the world with the song of the eternal One. I am scared of thunder as I search for the veils that cover glorious showers.  Speak to me O bird of paradise now that the clouds of rain have passed. Surah Al-‘A`raf Ayahs #1-28 by Mishary Rashid Alafasy with english translation.

Old Synagogue Made New Again. Poland, Krakow.

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moon Inside the Old Synagogue. The Old Synagogue is an Orthodox Jewish synagogue in the Kazimierz district of Kraków, Poland. It is the oldest synagogue building still standing in Poland, and one of the most precious landmarks of Jewish architecture in Europe.In 1794 General Tadeusz Kościuszko spoke from the synagogue to gain the Jewish support in the struggle for Polish independence. A plaque in the entrance hall commemorates this event:  “The Jews proved to the world that whenever humanity can gain, they would not spare themselves.” – General Tadeusz Kosciuszko [1]The synagogue was completely devastated and ransacked by the Germans during World War II. Its artwork and Jewish relics, looted.During the occupation, the synagogue was used as a magazine. In 1943, 30 Polish hostages were executed at its wall.[3] The Old Synagogue was renovated from 1956 to 1959 and currently operates as a museum. It is a Division of the Historical Museum of Kraków, with particular focus on Kraków’s Jews. The exhibits are divided into themes dealing with birth, prayer rituals, diet, divorce and death. The beautiful women’s prayer room, which dates from the 17th century, is often used to hold temporary exhibitions.

The Old Synagogue.

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