Governments can only survive if the masses accept them as the legitimate authority for their survival. Fear and Wisdom compete for a place with knaves and others.


Niccolò Machiavelli, The Prince, 1513.  “Since love and fear can hardly exist together, if we must choose between them, it is far safer to be feared than loved.” The great philosopher David Hume recognized that the opinions that support government receive their force from “other principles,” among which he includes fear, but these other principles are “the secondary, not the original principles of government.”





What is a free life? Between Form and Event: Machiavelli’s Theory of Political Freedom By Miguel E. Vatter .

Niccolo Machiavelli

Many have imagined republics and principalities that no has ever seen or known in reality; for there is such a difference between how one lives and how one ought to live that he who neglects what is done for the sake of what ought to be done learns his own ruin rather than preservation; because a man who wants to profess his goodness in everything is bound to come to ruin among so many who are not good.