The Music Room, Italy. Jalsaghar, India. Miyan ki malhar. Song of the Beloved. Ustad Salamat Ali Khan.

The Music Room of a Palazzo


Jalshaghar, music room, India.

Jalada boondana barasae, The drop of water as rain piya bina ko jiyara tharasae, is like the beloved for whom souls thirst yuun yuun avath morae badariya, the clouds scattered in their journey morae ankhiyan barasae are like tear drops falling from our eyes.  pa ni…ga ma re re sa…

Estates in Britain, France and Italy. To the manor born.


The Primer of Italian Fascism. 1926, Revised by Jeffrey Schnapp. (2000). Nations at war should behoove themselves of G.B Vico’s advice and devote themselves to removing fascism above all else.

The keystone of fascist doctrine is the conception of the State of its functions, its aims. For Fascists absolute, individuals and groups. (Benito Mussolini.)

The keystone of fascist doctrine is its conception of the State, of its essence, of its functions, its aims. For Fascism the State is absolute, individuals and groups relative. (Benito Mussolini.)

From Machiavelli, G.B. Vico must yet be connected with the great Florentine from whom in a certain way he seems to proceed. In the heyday of “natural law” Vico is decidedly opposed to ius naturale and in his attacks against its advocates, Grotius, Seldenus and Pufendorf he systematically assails the abstract, rationalistic, and utilitarian principles of the eighteenth century. A scholar correctly states: While the “natural jurists” basing justice and state on utility and interest and grounding human certitude on reason, were striving to draft permanent codes and construct the perfect state, Vico strongly asserted the social nature of man, the ethical character of the juridical consciousness, and its growth through human history and not reason rather than in sacred history. Vico therefore maintains that doctrines must begin with those subjects that take up and explain the entire course of civilization. Experience and not ratiocination, history and not human reason must help human wisdom to understand civil and political regimes that were the result of not reason or philosophy but common sense, or if you will the social consciousness of man. and further on, “to Vico we owe the conception of history in its fullest sense as teacher of life, the search after the humanity of history, the principle that makes the truth progress with time, the discovery of the “political course of nations.” It is Vico who uttered the eulogy of patrician “heroic hearts” of the first founders of states, magnanimous defenders of the commonwealth and wise counselors of politics. To Vico we owe the criticism of democracies, the affirmation of their brief existence, of their rapid disintegration at the hands of fascism and demagogues, of their lapse first into anarchy, then into monarchy, when their degradation does not make them prey of foreign oppressors. Vico conceived of civil liberty as subjection to law, as just subordination of the private to the public interest, to the sway of the State. It is Vico who sketched modern society as a world of nations, each one guarding its own empire, fighting just and not unjust human wars. In Vico we find the condemnation of pacificism, that right is actualized by bodily force, that without force, right is of no avail and that therefore “he who cannot defend himself against injury is enslaved.”  It is not difficult to discern the analogies between these affirmations and the fundamental view and the spirit of fascism. Nor should we marvel at the this similarity. Fascism, has its roots in the Risorgimento, and the Risorgimento was influenced undoubtedly by Vico. It would be inexact to affirm that the philosophy of Vico dominated the Risorgimento, (19th century movement for Italian political unity.) The influence of Italian tradition as summed up by Mazinni whose interpretation of the citizen as duty and mission is to be connected to Vico’s doctrine. Training for social duty said Mazinni is essentially and logically unitarian. Life for it is but a duty, a mission. And further on, “the declaration of rights, which all constitutions insist on copying slavishly from the French considered the individual as the end and pointed to only the half of the problem,” and again, “assume the existence of one of the crises that threaten the life of the nation and demand the active sacrifice of its sons.” Will you ask the citizens to face martyrdom in virtue of their rights? And now you ask them to sacrifice for one and all, suffer and die for the safety of the nation? In Mazzini’s conception of the citizen as an instrument for the attainment of the nation’s ends and therefore submissive to a higher mission to the duty of supreme sacrifice, we see the anticipation of one the  fundamental points of fascist doctrine. Unfortunately, the autonomy of political thought of Italy seemed to exhaust itself immediately after the unification. Italian political thought, which had been original in times of servitude, became enslaved during times of freedom.  A powerful innovating movement, issuing from the war and of which fascism is the purest expression.

The Mass At The Vatican. Pope Francis, Pope Benedict, Pope (Saint) John Paul.

sunday mass at the Vaticansudaymassatthevatican3

Srabono Jhulate Badolo Rate, A season’s blossoms when night turns to rain. The Songs of Atul Prasad Sen. Vocalist Riddhi Bandyopadhyay.

The Finzi-Continis. Italy under martial law, 1938.

The Finzi-Continis. Italy under martial law, 1939.


Salt march, Satyagraha.

Salt march, Satyagraha. Gandhi and his fellowship.








Srabono jhulate badolo rate thora aayego ki jhuli bi aaye srabono jhulate. Premo githo chande duli bi anonde, bhuli bi bhoyo bhabonai srabono jhulate, gogono hilole kalo megho dole, jhooma jhooma nupuro paai srabono jhulate. Ogo shukhi dukhi dara mukho mukhi duli bi jibono dolai, srabono jhulate badolo rate thora aaye go ki jhuli bi aaye srabono jhulate. In the season when night becomes rain will you come and sit by my side? Together we will find love that delights which will help us to forget terrors. Look the sky is full of rain clouds which sway as if they were the anklets of a girl. The rainfall of seasons. Come all you  prosperous and hungry and face each other as equals. The crossing of life’s path will meet us half-way. Sorrow and gladness are one in the season when night turns to rain, our Beloved.

Sandro Botticelli (1445-1510 AD)-The Birth of Venus (Italian: Nascita di Venere) 1486 AD


sandro boticelli
sandro boticelliBotticelli was commissioned to paint the work by the Medici family of Florence, specifically Lorenzo di Pierfrancesco de’ Medici under the influence of his cousin Lorenzo de’ Medici, close friend to Botticelli . It depicts the goddess Venus, having emerged from the sea as a fully grown woman, arriving at the sea-shore (which is related to the Venus Anadyomene motif).

Romanza-Ave Maria by Andrea Bocelli.

Sento Imperial Palace, Kyoto, Japan - pond vie...

Sento Imperial Palace, Kyoto, Japan – pond view through trees. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)



Già la sento,
già la sento morire,
però è calma sembra voglia
poi con gli occhi
lei mi viene a cercare,
poi si toglie
anche l’ultimo velo,
anche l’ultimo cielo,
anche l’ultimo bacio.
Ah, forse colpa mia,
ah, forse colpa tua,
e così son rimasto a pensare.
Ma la vita,
ma la vita cos’è
tutto o niente,
forse neanche un perchè.
Con le mani
lei me viene a cercare,
poi mi stringe,
lentamente mi lascia,
lentamente mi stringe,
lentamente mi cerca.
Ah, forse colpa mia,
ah, forse colpa tua,
e così sono rimasto a guardare.
E lo chiamano amore,
e lo chiamano amore,
e lo chiamano amore
una spina nel cuore
che non fa dolore.
È un deserto
questa gente
con la sabbia
in fondo al cuore
e tu,
che non mi senti più,
che non mi vedi più,
avessi almeno il coraggio
e la forza di dirti
che sono con te.
(Ave Maria, ave Maria.)
Ah, forse colpa mia,
ah, forse colpa mia,
e così son rimasto così
son rimasto così.
Già la sento
che non può più sentire;
in silenzio
se n’è andata a dormire,
è già andata a dormire.