LECTURE Published: March 16, 1860.
A lecture was delivered on this subject last evening, in the German Presbyterian Church, Sixth-street, near Second-avenue, by Dr. Hitchcock. The lecturer commenced by stating the problem to be to determine the laws of civilization. There are three erroneous theories: 1. The Pantheistic. 2. The Humanistic. 3. The Materialistic. These all agree that barbarism was the original state of man. The true philosophy of history stands opposed to all these, and, giving to man his proper freedom, discerns all the workings of the divine hand.
The first great law of civilization is the Divine intuition, inspiring and shaping it. Was the first state of man barbarism, a crude capacity with a tardy development, or a God-given civilization? Most certainly the latter. But self-consciousness reports a schism within us, which theology calls sin, and it was the fall of our first parents into this sin which was the beginning of barbarism. Then came the other form of civilization, the Redemptive, and around this all history centres. AUGUSTINE well says, “The history of the world is the history of redemption.”
The second great law is, the genius of the races. The one great race is divided, historically, into strikingly different races; the three great lobes of which are the Hamitic, the Shemitic and the Japhetic, each of which had its work to do. The best races are the mixed; and what nature has to do in this country in the making of a new amalgam, it is not yet time to say. The ballot-box is to permeate everywhere, for the only proper self-government is the Anglican.
The third great law is, the shaping pressure of outward causes. Man is everywhere, more or less, in bondage to nature. The civilization which Noah had, he got from a former age, and the trouble was to keep it from being burnt out by the South or frozen by the North; it must be temperate then, and Asia proving too rank, it was transplanted to Europe. And here, in our own country, we see our circling oceans, our fertile prairies and our keen air setting their features upon it.
The fourth great law of civilization is, its dependence on moral stamina. Why do nations die? One epitaph will answer for all: “They died of immorality, and immorality is suicide.” Our mother England has lasted fourteen hundred years, and there is no wrinkle on her brow; it is the result of moral, Christian, Protestant stamina. And as Americans, it is for ourselves to say what shall be our longevity.
October 3. Human society is a ceaseless growth, an unfoldment in terms of spirituality. If so, it must be based on ever increasing restraint upon the demands of the flesh. Thus, marriage must be considered to be a sacrament imposing discipline upon the partners, restricting them to the physical union among themselves and for the purpose only of procreation when both the partners desire and are prepared for it. MK Gandhi-Pearls of Wisdom, Mohan Mala. Tagore Mohan Mala Not? Poet Rabindranath: Tobu mone rekho o tobu, jodi dure jaae chole jai tobu mone rokhe jodi puratonao prem dhaka pore jai nobo premo jale mone rekho o jodhu thake kacheba na kache dekhite na pao khayal moto achi na achi, mone rekho jodi jol aashe aankhi paathe (2) eto diin jodi khela khele jai modhu raate, tobu mone rekho, ato diin bandha pode kaaje sharan prate mone rekho jodi pae mone chal dekha dai nayan pone tobu mone rekho, jodi jol ashe aankhi pashe, ato diin jodi khela khele jai madhu raate ato badha pode kaje chal chal nai dekha dai rate ato dekha dai nayan kone tobu mone rekho. Still try to remember, even if I travel far away, still remember. If old loves are covered suddenly and new ones come into being, remember. It does not matter if we remain close to one another or if you cannot be seen, like a whim that is there and not there, remember for now. If tears gather near your eyes, if all these days you have played in honey covered nights, still try to remember. For all the times, that work was hindered at Your feet, try and remember me. If having got your soul and the tears are no longer visible at night, try to remember. If new loves cannot do so themselves.
Foreign Propaganda and Sarojini Devi
I am no believer in foreign propaganda as it is commonly understood, i.e., in the sense of establishing an agency or even sending peripatetic deputations. But the foreign propaganda that Sarojini Devi would carry on during her tour in the West would be the propaganda that would tell more than anything that could be done by an established agency whose very existence would be unknown to the indifferent and would be ignored by those whose opinion would matter to us. Not so India’s Nightingale. She is known to the West. She would compel a hearing wherever she goes. She adds to her great eloquence and greater poetry a delicate sense of the true diplomacy that knows what to say and when to say it and that knows how to say the truth without hurting. We have every reason to expect much from her mission to the West. With the instinct of a gentlewoman she has gone with the resolution not to enter upon a direct refutation of Miss Mayo’s insolent libel. Her presence and her exposition of what India is and means to her would be a complete answer to all the untruth that has been dinned into the ready ears of the American public by agencies whose aim is to belittle India and all that is Indian.
Quotes by MK Gandhi in memory of those redeemed.
“When I despair, I remember that all through history the ways of truth and love have always won. Remember that all through history, there have been tyrants and murderers, and for a time, they seem invincible. But in the end, they always fall. Always.”
― Mahatma Gandhi,
(1869 – 1948)