What constitutes civil authority according to MK Gandhi? At the root of Satya and Ahimsa or love. 

theheresyoforthodoxyTruth, peace, righteousness and nonviolence, Satya, Shanti, Dharma and Ahimsa, do not exist separately.  They are all essentially dependent on love. When love enters the thoughts it becomes truth. When it manifests itself in the form of action it becomes truth. When Love manifests itself in the form of action it becomes Dharma or righteousness. When your feelings become saturated with love you become peace itself. When you fill your understanding with love it is Ahimsa. Practicing love is Dharma, thinking of love is Satya, feeling love is Shanti,and understanding love is Ahimsa. For all these values it is love which flows as the undercurrent.  The world rests upon the bedrock of satya or truth; asatya meaning untruth also means “nonexistent” and satya or truth, means that which is of untruth does not so much exist. Its victory is out of the question. And truth being “that which is” can never be destroyed. This is the doctrine of Satyagraha in a nutshell. Ahimsa: In Gandhi’s Satyagraha, truth is inseparable from Ahimsa.  Ahimsa expresses as ancient Hindu, Jain and Buddhist ethical precept. The negative prefix ‘a’ plus himsa meaning injury make up the world normally translated ‘nonviolence’.  The term Ahimsa appears in Hindu teachings as early as the Upanishads. The Jain Religion constitutes Ahimsa as the first vow.  It is a cardinal virtue in Buddhism. Despite its being rooted in these religions, the special contribution of Gandhi was to make the concept of Ahimsa meaningful in the social and political spheres by moulding tools for nonviolent action to use as a positive force in the search for social and political truths.  Gandhi formed Ahimsa into the active social technique, which was to challenge political authorities and religious orthodoxy.

Nava Durga, Goddess Durga, Odissi by Revital Carroll. Made New.

When is life divinely ordained? People are required to govern themselves.

charters_logo_for_exhibit_pagesdeclarationofindependenceAction of Second Continental Congress.

July 4, 1776.

The unanimous Declaration of the thirteen united States of America,

WHEN in the Course of human Events, it becomes necessary for one People to dissolve the Political Bands which have connected them with another, and to assume among the Powers of the Earth, the separate and equal Station to which the Laws of Nature and of Nature’s God entitle them, a decent Respect to the Opinions of Mankind requires that they should declare the causes which impel them to the Separation.

WE hold these Truths to be self-evident, that all Men are created equal, that they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable Rights, that among these are Life, Liberty, and the Pursuit of Happiness—That to secure these Rights, Governments are instituted among Men, deriving their just Powers from the Consent of the Governed, that whenever any form of Government becomes destructive of these Ends, it is the Right of the People to alter or to abolish it, and to institute new Government, laying its Foundation on such Principles, and organizing its Powers in such form, as to them shall seem most likely to effect their Safety and Happiness. Prudence, indeed, will dictate that Governments long established should not be changed for light and transient Causes; and accordingly all Experience hath shewn, that Mankind are more disposed to suffer, while Evils are sufferable, than to right themselves by abolishing the forms to which they are accustomed. But when a long Train of Abuses and Usurpations, pursuing invariably the same Object, evinces a Design to reduce them under absolute Despotism, it is their Right, it is their Duty, to throw off such Government, and to provide new Guards for their future Security. Such has been the patient Sufferance of these Colonies; and such is now the Necessity which constrains them to alter their former Systems of Government. The History of the present King of Great-Britain is a History of repeated Injuries and Usurpations, all having in direct Object the Establishment of an absolute Tyranny over these States. To prove this, let Facts be submitted to a candid World.

He has refused his Assent to Laws, the most wholesome and necessary for the public Good.

He has forbidden his Governors to pass Laws of immediate and pressing Importance, unless suspended in their Operation till his Assent should be obtained; and when so suspended, he has utterly neglected to attend to them.

He has refused to pass other Laws for the Accommodation of large Districts of People, unless those People would relinquish the Right of Representation in the Legislature, a Right inestimable to them, and formidable to Tyrants only.

He has called together Legislative Bodies at Places unusual, uncomfortable, and distant from the Depository of their public Records, for the sole Purpose of fatiguing them into Compliance with his Measures.

He has dissolved Representative Houses repeatedly, for opposing with manly Firmness his Invasions on the Rights of the People.

He has refused for a long Time, after such Dissolutions, to cause others to be elected; whereby the Legislative Powers, incapable of Annihilation, have returned to the People at large for their exercise; the State remaining in the mean time exposed to all the Dangers of Invasion from without, and Convulsions within.

He has endeavoured to prevent the Population of these States; for that Purpose obstructing the Laws for Naturalization of foreigners; refusing to pass others to encourage their Migrations hither, and raising the Conditions of new Appropriations of Lands.

He has obstructed the Administration of Justice, by refusing his assent to Laws for establishing Judiciary Powers.

He has made Judges dependent on his Will alone, for the Tenure of their Offices, and the Amount and Payment of their Salaries.

He has erected a Multitude of new Offices, and sent hither Swarms of Officers to harrass our People, and eat out their Substance.

He has kept among us, in Times of Peace, Standing Armies, without the consent of our Legislatures.

He has affected to render the Military independent of and superior to the Civil Power.

He has combined with others to subject us to a Jurisdiction foreign to our Constitution, and unacknowledged by our Laws; giving his Assent to their Acts of pretended Legislation:

For quartering large Bodies of Armed Troops among us:

For protecting them, by a mock Trial, from Punishment for any Murders which they should commit on the Inhabitants of these States:

For cutting off our Trade with all Parts of the World:

For imposing Taxes on us without our Consent:

For depriving us, in many Cases, of the Benefits of Trial by Jury:

For transporting us beyond Seas to be tried for pre-tended Offences:

For abolishing the free System of English Laws in a neighbouring Province, establishing therein an arbitrary Government and enlarging its Boundaries, so as to render it at once an Example and fit Instrument for introducing the same absolute Rule into these Colonies:

For taking away our Charters, abolishing our most valuable Laws, and altering fundamentally the forms of our Governments:

For suspending our own Legislatures, and declaring themselves invested with Power to legislate for us in all Cases whatsoever.

He has abdicated Government here, by declaring us out of his Protection and waging War against us.

He has plundered our Seas, ravaged our Coasts, burnt our Towns, and destroyed the Lives of our People.

He is, at this Time, transporting large Armies of foreign Mercenaries to compleat the Works of Death, Desolation, and Tyranny already begun with circumstances of Cruelty and Perfidy, scarcely paralleled in the most barbarous Ages, and totally unworthy of the Head of a civilized Nation.

He has constrained our fellow Citizens taken Captive on the high Seas to bear Arms against their Country, to become the Executioners of their friends and Brethren, or to fall themselves by their Hands.

He has excited domestic Insurrections amongst us, and has endeavoured to bring on the Inhabitants of our Frontiers, the merciless Indian Savages, whose known Rule of Warfare, is an undistinguished Destruction, of all Ages, Sexes and Conditions.

In every stage of these Oppressions we have Petitioned for Redress in the most humble Terms: Our repeated Petitions have been answered only by repeated Injury. A Prince, whose Character is thus marked by every act which may define a Tyrant, is unfit to be the Ruler of a free People.

Nor have we been wanting in Attentions to our British Brethren. We have warned them from Time to Time of Attempts by their Legislature to extend an unwarrantable jurisdiction over us. We have reminded them of the Circumstances of our Emigration and Settlement here. We have appealed to their native justice and Magnanimity, and we have conjured them by the Ties of our common Kindred to disavow these Usurpations, which, would inevitably interrupt our Connections and Correspondence. They too have been deaf to the Voice of Justice and of Consanguinity. We must, therefore, acquiesce in the Necessity, which denounces our Separation, and hold them, as we hold the rest of Mankind, Enemies in War, in Peace, Friends.

We, therefore, the Representatives of the UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, in General Congress, Assembled, appealing to the Supreme Judge of the World for the Rectitude of our Intentions, do, in the Name, and by Authority of the good People of these Colonies, solemnly Publish and Declare, That these United Colonies are, and of Right ought to be, FREE AND INDEPENDENT STATES, that they are absolved from all Allegiance to the British Crown, and that all political Connection between them and the State of Great-Britain, is and ought to be totally dissolved; and that as FREE AND INDEPENDENT STATES, they have full Power to levy War, conclude Peace, contract Alliances, establish Commerce, and to do all other Acts and Things which INDEPENDENT STATES may of right do. And for the support of this Declaration, with a firm Reliance on the Protection of divine Providence, we mutually pledge to each other our Lives, our fortunes, and our sacred Honor.


The bulwark of a Satyagrahi is God. MK Gandhi.

godhasnoreligionLet no one poohpooh my statement by saying that the Congress has many people who are ashamed to take the name of God.  I am simply trying to state the view in terms of the science of Satyagraha as I have known and developed. The only weapon of the Satyagrahi is God, by whatsoever name one knows Him. Without Him the Satyagrahi is devoid of strength before an opponent armed with monstrous weapons. Most people lie prostrate before physical might. But he who accepts God as his only Protector will remain unbent before the mightiest power. The Satyagrahi’s object is to convert the wrong-doer. He should avoid artificiality in all his doings. He acts naturally and from inward conviction. Keeping these observations before his mind’s eye, the reader will perhaps appreciate the following qualifications which, I hold, are essential for every Satyagrahi:  He must have a living faith in God, for He is his only Rock.

Jerusalem of Gold.







Phulero jolshai nirob kano kobi? In the midst of a banquet of flowers, why are you despondent Poet Kazi Nazrul Islam? Bengali Bidrohi (revolutionary.) Vocalist, Anjali Mukherjee.



 Phulēro jolshāẏ nīrob kano kobi,bhōrēro hā’ōẏāẏa kānnā pā’ōẏāẏa thobo mlāno chobi, nīrob kano kobi..Jē bīṇā thōmār kolero kāchē,bukh bhorā shure loẏē jāgiẏe āchē,thōmār porośhē chaṛāthe horoṣhē,ākāśhē bātāshē thār shurēro shurobhi,nīrob kano kobi..Thōmār jē priẏā,galo bidāẏ niẏā,obhimānē rāthē,gōlāp hoẏē kāndhē thāhār’i kāmonā udāsha prāthē,phirē jē āshibē nā bolō thāhārē,chāha thāhār pānē dhāṛāẏa yē dbārē,ostho chāndēr bāshonā bhulātē,oruṇo onurāgē udilo robi nīrob kano kobi..

In the midst of a banquet of flowers why are you despondent Poet Nazrul Islam? The dawn evokes tears of sorrow painting a picture yet why are you hopeless Poet? The lute which is in your lap sings with all its heart to awaken you from despair. Near and around the melody fills the sky bringing together song. But yet you weep.  That which was dear has left you and  insulted now weeps as a rose would. Its victimhood scattered over the earth. Tell the world no matter how long one stands guard the beloved one is never to return again. Pleading new love, the half hidden moon tries to erase this song. Why are you ever despondent Poet Nazrul Islam?

Snigdho Shaymo Beni Borna- The Beloved of Lord Krishna. Nazrul Islam. Anjali Mukherjee Vocalist. Jerusalem of Old and Now; Malobika

Piety in faith.

Piety in faith.

The blue hued eye.

The blue hued eye.

sparkling white swans

Snighdho shaymo beni borna, esho malobika, malobika.  Orjuno monjori korne bole nipo malika malobika. Kheena thonni jolo dhorono mitha shyamo jombu bone aesho Amitha, aano kundho malothi jui, bhorithalika malobika snigdho shaymo beni borna. Ghono neelo bashe ongo gheere aesho Onjona, Reba nodhiro theere bhori honsho mithun aaka shari jhilimil aesho dagoro chokhe makhi shagorero nil daake bidyutho ingithe dhigbalika malobika, snigdho shaymo beni borna esho malobika. During the rain Princess in black arrive to wear the garland worn by Arjun. Speak now wearing this necklace.  Cloaked in white a Queen’s friendship is forged in fire. The Lord Krishna’s abode beckons our Princess.  Bring for her every flower so that when supper is completed, she may embrace the gracious Anjona, and servant, Reba. Come Princess with your companions to settle near the banks of the river. Let your eyes be bathed in the deep blue of the waters. Witness the swans of sparkling white. The lightning appears in the horizon as a young girl, such is a Queen’s glory. Come princess to the abode of Brindaban, refuge of Orjun’s beloved, Lord Krishna.

Ofra Haza-Give Us A Sign.

Ma vie dans ta vie
Javais des reves
Tu avais pour moi de reves
Mes yeux dans tes yeux Tu avais de reves Javais pour toi de reves
La pluie me conduite a toi Au cours de mon voyage final
La pluie a frappe les lumiere de ton visage
Comme si elle avait voulu effacer Une autre larme, Tu fuis, tu fuis, et essayes de revivre
Les souvenirs de ton passe, Tu ne sais pas quelle douler m’a causee ton amour.

Give me a sign I will give you my hand, give me a sign I will understand, Don’t be afraid I am your friend forever, Give me a sign and don’t tell me lies, I am your friend forever.

My life in your life
That I had of dreams
You had dreams for me
My eyes in your eyes You had dreams of dreams for you.
The rain has you driving me during my final journey
The rain hits the light of your face
As if the rain wanted to erase Another tear, You run away, you run away, and trying to revive
the memories of your past, you do not know what suffering your love has caused me.