What constitutes civil authority according to MK Gandhi? At the root of Satya and Ahimsa or love. 

theheresyoforthodoxyTruth, peace, righteousness and nonviolence, Satya, Shanti, Dharma and Ahimsa, do not exist separately.  They are all essentially dependent on love. When love enters the thoughts it becomes truth. When it manifests itself in the form of action it becomes truth. When Love manifests itself in the form of action it becomes Dharma or righteousness. When your feelings become saturated with love you become peace itself. When you fill your understanding with love it is Ahimsa. Practicing love is Dharma, thinking of love is Satya, feeling love is Shanti,and understanding love is Ahimsa. For all these values it is love which flows as the undercurrent.  The world rests upon the bedrock of satya or truth; asatya meaning untruth also means “nonexistent” and satya or truth, means that which is of untruth does not so much exist. Its victory is out of the question. And truth being “that which is” can never be destroyed. This is the doctrine of Satyagraha in a nutshell. Ahimsa: In Gandhi’s Satyagraha, truth is inseparable from Ahimsa.  Ahimsa expresses as ancient Hindu, Jain and Buddhist ethical precept. The negative prefix ‘a’ plus himsa meaning injury make up the world normally translated ‘nonviolence’.  The term Ahimsa appears in Hindu teachings as early as the Upanishads. The Jain Religion constitutes Ahimsa as the first vow.  It is a cardinal virtue in Buddhism. Despite its being rooted in these religions, the special contribution of Gandhi was to make the concept of Ahimsa meaningful in the social and political spheres by moulding tools for nonviolent action to use as a positive force in the search for social and political truths.  Gandhi formed Ahimsa into the active social technique, which was to challenge political authorities and religious orthodoxy.

Liberty of conscience and the defeat of reason.


Benjamin Franklin, Without freedom of thought there can be no such thing as wisdom & no such thing as publick liberty without freedom of speech”, Benjamin Franklin, 1722.

Freedom of thought (also called the freedom of conscience or ideas) is the freedom of an individual to hold or consider a fact, viewpoint, or thought, independent of others’ viewpoints. It is different from and not to be confused with the concept of freedom of speech or expression. Though freedom of thought is axiomatic for many other freedoms they are in no way required for it to operate and exist. Conception of a freedom or a right does not guarantee its inclusion, legality, or protection via a philosophical caveat.  Bill of Rights contains the famous guarantee in the First Amendment that laws may not be made that interfere with religion “or prohibiting the free exercise thereof”. U.S. Supreme Court Justice Benjamin Cardozo reasoned in Palko v. Connecticut (1937): Freedom of thought… is the matrix, the indispensable condition, of nearly every other form of freedom. With rare aberrations a pervasive recognition of this truth can be traced in our history, political and legal.[1]

Nava Durga, Goddess Durga, Odissi by Revital Carroll. Made New.

Authority and law. Do laws need authority before they can be laws? Binding authority perhaps.

commonlawMandatory authority rely on sources to have jurisdiction over laws. Lower courts are required to follow decisions from higher courts all the time.  Authority resides in persons; they possess it – if indeed they do at all – by virtue of who they are and not by virtue of what they command. The anarchist’s position:- ­ right to rule corresponds with an obligation to obey. However, is a right to rule always paired with an obligation to obey, or might the authority to rule really just be, e.g., a permission to use force, not something that generates an obligation? Thomas Jefferson:- Liberty is unobstructed action according to our will within limits drawn around us by the equal rights of others. I do not add ‘within the limits of the law’ because law is often but the tyrant’s will, and always so when it violates the rights of the individual.”


http://www.law.georgetown.edu/academics/academic-programs/legal-writing-scholarship/writing-center/upload/secondarysources.pdf. www.newswithviews.com/Ewart/ron139.htm

Sharon Fridman, Israeli Composer of Dance and Music. Hasta Donde. Until Where?

The bulwark of a Satyagrahi is God. MK Gandhi.

godhasnoreligionLet no one poohpooh my statement by saying that the Congress has many people who are ashamed to take the name of God.  I am simply trying to state the view in terms of the science of Satyagraha as I have known and developed. The only weapon of the Satyagrahi is God, by whatsoever name one knows Him. Without Him the Satyagrahi is devoid of strength before an opponent armed with monstrous weapons. Most people lie prostrate before physical might. But he who accepts God as his only Protector will remain unbent before the mightiest power. The Satyagrahi’s object is to convert the wrong-doer. He should avoid artificiality in all his doings. He acts naturally and from inward conviction. Keeping these observations before his mind’s eye, the reader will perhaps appreciate the following qualifications which, I hold, are essential for every Satyagrahi:  He must have a living faith in God, for He is his only Rock.

The Impotence of Any Revolt Against the Truth. Corinthians 13:8. The Bible. “We can do nothing against the truth but only for the truth.”

There are two great truths against which the world has been in perpetual revolt.

dailydevotion(1) The moral truth of God’s government. This means that there is a living and a righteous God; that He will reward righteousness and punish evil. That is the sublime belief uttered in every page of the Bible. By that belief the noblest nations have lived, and the noblest periods of history been shaped. (2) Denying that truth, the world becomes a fathomless and maddening problem. It becomes what Carlyle said the materialists made it, “A mill without a miller,” whose wheels turn endlessly in the tide of the ages, but without purpose or result. Such revolt is the madness of an empty pride, and is as futile as it is wicked. One proof of the moral government of God is, that the centuries assert it. Think how many great monarchies have arisen and covered the world with empire, and where are they now? Did ever empire seem more likely to endure than the Roman? What does the philosophic historian say about France? “France slit her own veins and let her own life-blood out on the day of St. Bartholomew, and has been perishing of exhaustion ever since.” On all nations which have become corrupt, the same fate has fallen sooner or later.  And what does all this mean, but that there is an avenging holiness in the world?  There are those who resist that infinite attraction. Some of you have done it. But again the voice of Paul speaks, and eighteen centuries have only added victorious confirmation to his words;  “we can do nothing against the truth but only for the truth.” One proof of truth is found in eternity.  Error carries the seeds of its own death with it. It is error that changes; truth abides. The history of civilisation is a history of the slow but certain conquests of truth. There have been periods when the world has seemed to have fallen asleep.  Such men have always been disbelieved. But time has tried them and the truth has proved itself truth by living and triumphing. Astrology and alchemy have perished, but astronomy and chemistry survive. This is so because time has always been wheat from chaff.  Taken and interpreted from:  http://biblehub.com/commentaries/2_corinthians/13-8.htm.

Gandhi on obeying illegal authority and mankind. Civil disobedience not.

They may torture my body, break my bones, even kill me. Then they will have my dead body, but not my obedience.



Corinthians 6:18-20. The Holy Bible.

Flee from sexual immorality. Every other sin a person commits is outside the body, but the sexually immoral person sins against his own body. Or do you not know that your body is a temple of the Holy Spirit within you, whom you have from God? You are not your own, for you were bought with a price. So glorify God in your body.



Heresies of the modern times. “Ancient Truth Collides with a modern heresy. The spirit of the Republic calls to the soul of a nation.” From author, Dean E Neff Jr. 2013.


sellingthebirthrightesau selling his birthright

The wages of Sin. An Excoriation (not.)






“It is amazing what great amounts of people will do when the are fueled by envy, jealousy, and hunger. Like Esau in the Bible they will sell their spiritual birthrights for  satisfying of the flesh.” Adolf Hitler is probably one of the finest examples of a heretic when on a national scale he and his nationalist party turned their “hatred of Christians and Jews into a rallying cry for war!”  Dean Neff Jr.

Perhaps the complete antidote is given in this chapter from the Bible,”But the natural man (secular) receives not the things of the Spirit of God: for they are foolishness unto him: neither can he know them, because they are spiritually discerned” (1 Corinthians 2:15-16). And again in chapter 12:6-8 Romans.  “Having then gifts differing according to the grace that is given to us, whether prophecy, let us prophesy according to the proportion of faith: Our ministry, let us practice our ministering: or he that teacheth, on teaching; he that exorteth,on exortation: he that giveth, let him do it with simplicity.”