Causes of World War II: Susan Heep, Pinterest.
Geneva Disarmament Conference 1932
“This was a success for Hitler because: a. it wrecked the conference b. it left him free to rearm however he wanted c. it drove a wedge between the French and the British d. British politicians, while they were trying to persuade Germany to stay in the Conference, had agreed in principle that the arms clauses of the Treaty of Versailles were too harsh.”
Prelude to World War II and the Partition of British India
Hitler’s virulent anti-Semitism had, since 1933, helped fuel his rise to dictatorial power over Europe, whose aggressive expansion into defenseless Czechoslovakia in 1938 was sanctioned by Britain’s Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain at Munich. On the eve of World War II Chamberlain spoke of his pathetic betrayal as “Peace with Honour” claiming it would bring ‘peace in our time’ Gandhi when asked what he thought about the persecution of Jews, replied, “My sympathies are all with the Jews. The tyrants of old never went so mad as Hitler. Gandhi expressed his tacit support of Chamberlain’s policy and called for simultaneous world disarmament: “I am as certain of it as I am sitting here, that this heroic act would open Herr Hitler’s eyes and disarm him.” To Agatha Harrison he wrote “My participation in the event of war would be no participation.” Gandhi’s Passion: The Life and Legacy of Mahatma Gandhi, By Stanley Wolpert.
“Man, truly virtuous, who means anything more than Shew and Parade, who wishes well to his Country or to Mankind, who hath any thing more than Self, and some little fading transitory interest in view, will, at this Time particularly, try what he can do towards it: The Man who doth not, in proportion to the Power he is instructed with, is answerable to his Country for every miscarriage and disaster that happens, for the Evil it feels, and for the Evil it fears: The prosperity, the preservation, apparently the very Being of the State depends upon it; it’s Credit abroad, its Peace at home, its present Tranquility, and all it’s future security. None of these, we are bold to say, had ever been in the hazard and uncertainty they now are, had the rule been strictly adhered to; the cowardice of some, the treachery of others, the corruption of many, and the dissolute wantonness and luxury of all, had never, as it now is, been the general Complaint.”