The why’s and why not’s of the First Pelopnnesian war between the city states of Athens and Sparta in Ancient Greece.

Peloponnesian War marked the dramatic end to the fifth century BC and the golden age of Greece.

The democratic city state of Athens, not. They kept slaves while practicing their “democracy.” Sparta kicked their ass and conquered Athens, leaving much of it in ruin. Spartans were no practicioners of democracy either as they ran their state according to strict oligarchic rules.

 

The First Peloponnesian War (460–445 BC) was fought between Sparta as the leaders of the Peloponnesian League and Sparta’s other allies, most notably Thebes, and the Delian League led by Athens with support from Argos. This war consisted of a series of conflicts and minor wars, such as the Second Sacred War. There were several causes for the war including the building of the Athenian long walls, Megara’s defection and the envy and concern felt by Sparta at the growth of the Athenian Empire.

The war began in 460 BC (Battle of Oenoe).[1][2][3][4] At first the Athenians had the better of the fighting, winning the naval engagements using their superior fleet. They also had the better of the fighting on land, until 457 BC when the Spartans and their allies defeated the Athenian army at Tanagra. The Athenians, however, counterattacked and scored a crushing victory over the Boeotians at the Battle of Oenophyta and followed this victory up by conquering all of Boeotia except for Thebes.

Athens further consolidated their position by making Aegina a member of the Delian League and by ravaging the Peloponnese. The Athenians were defeated in 454 BC by the Persians in Egypt which caused them to enter into a five years’ truce with Sparta. However, the war flared up again in 448 BC with the start of the Second Sacred War. In 446 BC, Boeotia revolted and defeated the Athenians at Coronea and regained their independence.

The First Peloponnesian War ended in an arrangement between Sparta and Athens, which was ratified by the Thirty Years’ Peace (winter of 446–445 BC). According to the provisions of this peace treaty, both sides maintained the main parts of their empires. Athens continued its domination of the sea while Sparta dominated the land. Megara returned to the Peloponnesian League and Aegina became a tribute-paying but autonomous member of the Delian League. The war between the two leagues restarted in 431 BC and in 404 BC.

Governments can only survive if the masses accept them as the legitimate authority for their survival. Fear and Wisdom compete for a place with knaves and others.

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Niccolò Machiavelli, The Prince, 1513.  “Since love and fear can hardly exist together, if we must choose between them, it is far safer to be feared than loved.” The great philosopher David Hume recognized that the opinions that support government receive their force from “other principles,” among which he includes fear, but these other principles are “the secondary, not the original principles of government.”

 

 

 

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William Jennings Bryan remarked, “Imperialism finds its inspiration in dollars, not in duty.” Why the war on Terror can no longer be fought on political grounds alone. End ideologies for all times.

 

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There has to be a concomitant moral response to why people are driven to destroy one another. To do this here are some salient instructions to follow. Moral rights are a necessity and the way to begin this dialogue is with those whose dignities were violated beyond human recognition. It is a belief that moral human beings have to accept the values of those who survived the horrors of war as the standards of moral righteousness and therefore rights.  Blasphemy against God are crimes and no one human being is blameless in this regard. The task lies now in identifying and removing that blasphemy as a means of resurrecting moral law.  It is probably hubris to claim that victims of world war II, especially those who perished in labor camps both in Europe and in South Asia, the Jews and those under the rule of a deceitful dictatorship. Non-violent movements during that time is as good place as any to begin such a conversation. But these two events come up over and over again as crimes that are not acceptable.  They are not forgivable and never will be because the incidents also were connected to the affairs of God in our lives. The Shoah is not something God accepted, and brutality as a means of living is also not what a loving God accepted.  Therefore, the number one lesson that we must draw as moral is that one does not make victimhood a right to their personhood but rather a place of moral contestations.  EVERYONE should be a part of this important appeal as it pertains to self-government demonstrated by MK Gandhi and by ambitious democracies in the world such as Israel. Proponents of terror such as ISIS and AlQeida are ruled by the same laws that govern Blasphemy in religion.  Their blasphemous activities injure and remove the one on one relationship that human beings are ENTITLED to have with God. No one has the right to take this humanity away. Laws from important religious authorities such as the ones in Jerusalem will take being to take into account events and judge them accordingly. Thus, if one is a terrorist or is training to become one, they should know that the hand of justice is going to reach out to them and mete out concomitant punishment.  The only relationship to law a human being has in our world is with free individuals. God is widely acknowledged as the chief advocate of  liberty and thus of a different dimension of human freedom, moral liberty.  We need God’s help to repair lives and the only way to accomplish is to obey his works. Licentious, predatory, incriminating and other murderous acts that plague our world today have to be accounted for.  Both free and enslaved human beings if they espouse the validity of truth dejure establishes all laws, criminal, civil, moral, commercial and so and so forth. Such is the power of truth in action.  It is then easy to remove corrupt and disgraced people, whether they are governments, politicians, terrorists, gangsters, law enforcement and every other kind of human being. Without God life is unlivable and this is a moral reality we all accept whether we are religious adherents or adherents of a greater power than ourselves. This is the ONLY way to curb human egotism, the culprit of all actions in this world and beyond.

 

 

 

Jag Ghoomeya, I have looked for you everywhere in our world. Sultan, Kathak dance, Svetlana Tulasi, Kumar Sharma. Ketaki Gulab Juhi Champak Banna Phoole, Pt. Bhimsen Joshi, Manna Dey, Jayteertha Mevunthi, Pt. Anand Bhate. Raag Yaman.

Jag Ghoomeya, After having searched the world I found you in my heart.

Ketaki Gulab Juhi Champak Banna Phoole, The flowers Ketaki, Rose, Juhi and Champak blossom as if God were taking away the sorrows of this world.

Ketaki gulaab joohi, Champakban phoole, Rithu basanth apno kanth, The season of spring, our garland godi garwaa lagaay, is proud of her blossoms as a maiden. Julnaa mein baithe aj pee ke sang jhoole Bound together, the season and song sway with her. Ketaki gulaab joohi champakban phoole Gail gail kunj kunj, in the joyful forests guun bhanwaron ki goonj where bees make their home, raag rang ang ang, with melody Chhedat rasiyaa anang, come to spread honey among the flowers. Koyal ki pancham, upon hearing the song of the Koyel bird Suun dhuniyaa dhukh Bhoole, the world forgets its sorrow. Madhur madhur thori thori meethi bathiyon se gori, Providing sweetness in small doses Chit churaaye hasath jay, bees steal hearts with abandon.   Chori kar sir jhukaaye, with their head bowed, they admit theiving.  Seesh jhukaaye chanchal lat,  Known for the characteristic,  their demeanor acknowledges mischief,  Gaalan ko chhoo le, all the while tempting us with promises of glory. Ketaki gulaab joohi Champakban phoole. The flowers of spring the Ketaki, Rose, Juhi and Champak bloom in the forests and delight the world.

This is the reason for revolutions. The transfer of value as property and returned as truth not. Slave holdings are often justified when truths become casualties of war. Trust we know.

Slavery rules our days.  Respite, watch awesomely hilarious show on a popular song, by Sonny Leone, Sone Sone Patole Lakhaa Sone Sone lakhaa Baby Doll sonethi.

Here’s why MK Gandhi valued individual liberty; delight in beliefs as ascertained on May 2016. Study on it. USA.

 

Nobility Denied Not??

 

Why all civil revolutions have been non-violent. Satyagraha as standards of the rule of values. Values as ascertained from the Rabbinate of Yerushalayim.