What is the definition of political sovereignty? Robespierre, “On Political Morality” of the French Revolution 1789 – 1799.

Political sovereignty refers to the highest level of absolute power through which independent states are controlled by a designated political authority.

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In the speech “On Political Morality” delivered to the Convention on 5 February 1794, Robespierre offered a justification of the Terror. By this date, the Federalist revolt and Vendée uprisings had been by and large pacified and the threat of invasion by the Austrians, British, and Prussians had receded, yet Robespierre emphasized that only a combination of virtue (a commitment to republican ideals) and terror (coercion against those who failed to demonstrate such a commitment) could ensure the long–term salvation of the Republic, since it would always be faced with a crisis of secret enemies subverting it from within, even when its overt enemies had been subdued.

 

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