The rights of man and the French revolution’s liberte or liberty. 1789 AD.

Enseigne_Alsacienne_revolutionnaire

The rights of man are held to be universal: valid at all times and in every place, pertaining to human nature itself. It became the basis for a nation of free individuals protected equally by law.’  he who oppresses one nation declares himself the enemy of all.”
The Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen of 1789 defined liberty in Article 4 as follows:  Liberty consists of being able to do anything that does not harm others: thus, the exercise of the natural rights of every man or woman has no bounds other than those that guarantee other members of society the enjoyment of these same rights.  Active and passive citizenship.   Initially, French Revolutionaries provided rights to a larger portion of the population, but there remained a distinction between those who obtained the political rights in the Declaration of the Rights of Man and Citizen and those who did not. Those who were deemed to hold these political rights were called active citizens. Women, slaves and foreigners,  passive citizens.

 

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