Swaraj (“self”, raj “rule”) can mean generally self-governance or “self-rule.”

swaraj12It was used synonymously with “home-rule.” The word usually refers to Gandhi’s concept for independence from foreign domination. Swaraj lays stress on governance, not by a hierarchical government, but by self governance through community. All self-rules’ focus is on political decentralization. Since Swaraj was directed towards the political and social systems followed by Britain, Gandhi’s concept advocated discarding political, economic, bureaucratic, legal, military, and educational institutions. Swarajists laid the foundation for parliamentary democracy.


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